History of English Literature

Literature in 19th Century (James Joyce)

Literature in 19th Century

Nineteenth century Millennium Literary works was very popular in its days. It was absolutely liked and became very essential during the Victorian Era. Many types and designs of composing prospered among the writers of this interval. Many different form of composing had interested the Victorians. Their was poems, Books, Enchanting Literary works, Sci-fi, Historical and Naturalism. An example of but a few. All of there have a much variations from each other.

With the rediscovery of traditional antiquity in rebirth ,the poems of Ovid became a much impact on the creativity of romantics and performers and stayed an essential impact on the diffusion and knowing of Historical greek belief through following hundreds of years. From the early years of rebirth, performers represented topics from Historical greek belief together with more traditional Religious designs among the best known topics of German performers are ,the brings of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Through the method of Latina and the works of Ovid, Historical greek belief affected medieval and rebirth romantics such as Petrarch, Boccaccio and Dante in Tuscany.

In north European countries, Historical greek belief never took the same hold of the visible artistry ,but its impact was very clear on literature. Both Latina and Historical greek traditional text messages were converted, so that experiences of belief became available. in The united kingdom, Chaucer, the Elizabethans and Bob Milton were among those affected by Historical greek misconceptions ;nearly all the much British romantics from Shakespeare to Bob Links converted for motivation to Historical Greek belief. Jean Racine in Portugal and Goethe in Malaysia improved Historical greek dilemma. Racine modified the standard misconceptions such as those of Phaidra,Andromache, Oedipus and Iphigenia to new goal.

The 1700s saw the philosophical trend of the Enlightenment propagate throughout European countries and associated with certain response against Historical greek belief ; there was a propensity to need on the medical and philosophical success of Portugal and The capital. The misconceptions, however, ongoing to offer an essential source of raw content for dramatists, such as those who had written the libretti for Handel’s operas Admeto and Semele and Mozart’s Idomeneo. By the end of a lifetime, romanticism started an increase of passion for all things Historical greek , such as Historical greek belief. In England, it was an excellent interval for new translations of Historical greek disasters and Homer, and these in turn motivated modern romantics, such as Keats ,Byron and Shelley. The Hellenism of queen’s Victoria poet laureate, Alfred master Tennyson, was such that even his images of the quintessentially British court of master Arthur are suffused with addresses of the Homeric epics. The visible artistry kept speed, triggered by the purchase of the Parthenon glass beads in 1816;; many of the “Greek” works of art of master Leighton and Lawrence Alma-Tadema were seriously approved as part of the indication of the indication of the Hellenic perfect.

American writers of the 1800s , such as Johnson Bulfinch and Nathaniel Hawthorne, considered that belief should offer satisfaction , and organised that the research of the traditional misconceptions was essential to the knowing of British and United states literature. In more the past few years , traditional designs have been reinterpreted by such considerable dramatists as gene Anouilh , Jean Cocteau and Jean Giraudoux in Portugal , Eugene O’Neil in The United States and T.S.Eliot in The united kingdom and by excellent writers such as the Irish James Joyce.

History of English Literature Notes

“Tudor Literature” 1500-1603

Elizabethan Literature

The ‘Renaissance Period’ in English Literature is also called the ‘Elizabethan Period’ or ‘The age of Shakespeare’.[author]

  • The middle Ages in Europe were followed by the Renaissance.
  • Renaissance means the Revival of learning and it denotes in its broadest sense the gradual enlightenment of the human mind after the darkness of the Middle Ages.
  • The chief characteristic of the Renaissance was its emphasis on Humanism, which means man’s concern with himself as an object of contemplation.
  • This movement was started in Italy by Dante, Petrarch and Baccacio in the fourteenth other countries of Europe.
  • In England it became popular during the ‘Elizabethan period’.
  • The movement which focused its interest on ‘the proper study of mankind’ had a number of subordinate trends.
  • The first in importance was the rediscovery of classical antiquity and particularly of Ancient Greece.
  • The first Englishman who wrote under the influence of Greek studies was ‘Sir Thomas More’. His Utopia,written in Latin, was suggested by Plato’s Republic.
  • Sir Philip Sidney in his Defence of Poeise accepted and advocated the critical rules of the Ancient Greeks.
  • The second important aspect of Humanism was the discovery of the external universe, and its significance for Man.
  • But the more important than this was that the writers directed their gaze inward, and become deeply interested in the problems of human personality.
  • Now during the Elizabethan period, under the influence of Humanism, the emphasis was laid on the qualities which distinguish one human being from another, and give an individuality and uniqueness.
  • Moreover, the revealing of the writer’s own mind became full of interest.
  • It was this new interest in human personality, the passion for life, which was responsible for the exquisite lyrical poetry of the Elizabethan Age, dealing with the problems of death, decay, transitiveness of life etc.
  • An Italian diplomat and man of letters, castiglione, wrote a treatise entitled II cortigiano where he sketched the pattern of gentlemanly behavior and manners upon which the conduct of such men as Sir Philip Sidney and Sir Walter Raleigh was modeled.
  • Though it suffered from exaggeration and pedantry, yet it introduced order and balance in English prose, and gave it pithiness and harmony.
  • Lyly wrote his romance of Euphues not merely as an exercise in a new kind of prose, but with the serious purpose of including righteousness of living, based on self control.
  • Sidney wrote his Arcadia in the form of fiction in order to expound an ideal of moral excellence.
  • Spenser wrote his Faerie Queene, with a view “to fashion a gentleman or noble person in virtuous and gentle disposition”.