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Novel

Colonialism in A Passage to India E. M. Forster

Colonialism in A Passage to India E. M. Forster
English: Map of the British Indian Empire from Imperial Gazetteer of India (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

RONNY AND COLONIALISM

The way to control of other people’s land and goods is colonialism, colonialism is not only the expansion of modern European trend, but it was flourished by the Roman Empire from Armenia to the Atlantic in the second century. Genghis Khan conquered the Middle East including China. In the fifteenth century, southern India came under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, and known as a minor Islamic civilization.

During and after colonialism, India has been the state of different nations having different religions, Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity and several other religions but there are two main religions in India: Islam and Hinduism and these two nations have been hostile to each other in every field of life. They have different beliefs and interests. Approaching the month of Mohurram, the Muslims cut the branches off of a certain tree of peepul. The tree of peepul is considered as a sacred tree in Hinduism. It was considered a religious riot at which they fought with each other during colonialism.

India has been the state of different nations having different religions, Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity and several other religions. But there are two main religions in India: Islam and Hinduism. These two nations have been hostile to each other in every field of life. They have different beliefs and interests. Approaching the month of Mohurram, the Muslims cut the branches off of a certain tree of peepul. The tree of peepul is considered as a sacred tree in Hinduism. It was considered a religious riot at which they fought with each other in colonialism.

Forster sketches this scene in this way,

But Ronny had not disliked his day, for it proved that the British colonialism was necessary to India, there would certainly have been bloodshed without them. His voice grew complacent again; he was here not to be pleasant but to keep the peace (1924: 110).

The very first line of this extract is based on double negative structure. When such type of structure is used, the speaker’s main aim is to emphasize the point. These lines were uttered by Ronny to Miss Quested after the occurrence of accident. Ronny was so much interested in having the authorities like a ‘pukka sahib’. According to Ronny, the India was controlled by the Britain to keep peace not to please its inhabitants. Ronny was fully in the favor of the British Raj. It is an ironical statement; actually they came in India for the expansion of their trade. Apparently they were admirers of the Indians, but inwardly they were the followers of the racial and class differences.

In chapter 9, Forster further depicts India as a British colony,

Is it fair an Englishman should occupy one when Indians are available?… England holds India for her good (1924: 124).

Miss Quested was much interested to meet the Indians, it was her intimately wish. Mr. Turton held a Bridge Party to meet the keen desire of Miss Quested. At this party, all the Indians were invited. But Dr. Aziz did not take part in that very party. He spent the day at his home in the reminiscent of his wife’s anniversary. He also fell ill; his friends visited him to seek his dispositions. There was a talk run among the companions.

Dr. Aziz asked Mr. Fielding about the British raj (colonialism) why you have found a single patch like India to rule harshly. Fielding told him that he was not personally intended to rule in India. But Fielding needed a job for his survival. There is also racial problem in these lines. Dr. Aziz asks Fielding why the Englishman consider their right to rule over the Indians. Indians were considered very inferior class and race in social, economical and political perspective. Fielding responded to Dr. Aziz that England controlled and ruled India for her own betterment because India had been famous for its treasures in all over the world.

RONNY’S COLONIALISM DISCOURSE

Actually discourse is used as a synonym of conversation, or a serious discussion or examination of a learned topic. Colonial discourse is basically the discussion or conversation which held in the political colonies. Loomba quotes Frantz Fanon’s view of colonial discourse, it is an expansion of the literary and communicative efforts in colonial perspective (1998:46). But Focault declares that colonial discourse presents the power and social structure in the daily talks (Loomba 1998:50). The Britain used several discourses in their daily lives to keep up their ruling status.

There is a talk between Ronny and Mrs. Moore in the fifth chapter,

We are not out here for the purpose of behaving pleasantly! What do you mean?” What I say, we’re the peace. Them’s my sentiments. India is not a drawing-room. Your sentiments are those of a god,’ she said quietly… ‘India likes gods’. ‘And Englishman like posing as gods’ (Forster 1924: 69).

Mrs. Moore and Miss Quested were not satisfied with the Englishmen as they were severely treating the Indians. They condemned Ronny on his harshly behavior towards the Indians. He said that the Britain was trained to adopt the severe attitude. If the ruling class takes the leniency towards the subjects, the subjects will exploit the rules and regulations. According to the English, they are superior to the other nations.

The usage of first person pronoun in plural form ‘We’, shows the subjectivity and the sublimity of the English race. Ronny says that India is a place where the people like the gods and those gods can merely be made and introduced by the Englishmen. If the founders and producers of gods are the Englishmen, the Indians will have to follow their motives and interests. Ronny considers his nation very religious and virtuous.

‘India is not a drawing room’ presents the image of mistreatment and exploitation in the Indian public. The drawing-room is the place to present the peace and calm. According to Ronny himself, it was Britishers’s worthiness to expose their own rest on the behalf of the Indian’s peace. ‘India likes gods’; here India is used as a synecdoche to represent the society. On the other hand the word ‘Englishmen’ is used instead of England. It is a binary structure. According to Foucault, power spreads from top to toe. Power has its own hierarchy for its distribution (Loomba 1998:50).

By: M. Zaman Ali

Categories
Teaching

Role of Teachers in Education

Role of Teacher in Education

Education encompasses both the teaching and learning of knowledge, proper conduct, and technical competency. It thus focuses on the cultivation of skills, trades or professions, as well as mental, moral and aesthetic development. Education is a two way process there is some giving person and taking person. So, a teacher plays a pivotal role in a system of education and its roles in education are facilitator, interpreter, translator, a guide etc. Education systems are established to provide education and training, in most of the cases for children and young. A curriculum defines what students should know and have to know, understand and be able to do as the result of education. Teaching also refers to learning facilitated by a real live teacher. Training refers to learning toward preparing learners with specific knowledge, skills, or abilities that can be applied immediately in practical life. Instruction refers to the intentional facilitating of learning toward identified goals, delivered either by an instructor or other forms. So, a teacher’s role is multifunctional. Teachers are knowledge facilitators but only for some, and for whom they were the creator of opportunity and potential. Schools provide the role of engineering for the society. According to U.S. Department of Labour Bureau of Labour Statistics (2001) teachers play an important role in fostering the intellectual and social development of children during their formative years. Teachers act as facilitators or coaches, using classroom presentations or individual instruction to help students learn and apply concepts in subjects such as science, mathematics, English etc.

How Role of Teacher is Important?

According to Rahman, et al; (2005) teachers play an important role in delivering new knowledge and skills to students. They are regarded as excellent and competent teachers by parents’ on the bases of excellent academic achievement of the students. Schools play a variety of important social, custodial and organisational roles in communities and with schools come teachers who have primary obligation to help students to learn how to recognize and solve problems, comprehend new phenomenon, construct mental models of those phenomena , and, given a new situation, set goals and regulate their own learning.

Learning and teaching always remain ‘the main game’ of education. To this end, teachers’ educational expertise needs to be strengthened, together with their professional knowledge, skills and dispositions. Teachers can then bring their wisdom to bear on the challenge new technologies pose for literacy education as well as for teaching more generally (Lankshear, 2000).

 

Teachers have a primary role in determining what is needed or what would work best with their students. Findings from research (Eslami & Fatahi, 2004) on teachers’ perceptions and beliefs indicate that these perceptions and beliefs not only have considerable influence on their instructional practices and classroom behaviour but also are related to their students’ achievement. Thus, knowing, the perceptions and beliefs of teachers enable one to make predictions about teaching and assessment practices in classrooms. Teachers clearly play a key role in the process of learning and education. Teachers, students, the educational atmosphere, the syllabi, and educational aids are the main components of the whole process without which it can neither start nor accomplish anything. The student is dependent on the teacher for the acquisition of knowledge. The existence or absence of an ideal educational atmosphere, a good syllabus, and effective aids does affect the objectives and quality of education, but only to an extent. These are neither absolutely necessary, nor does their absence halt the process. But the availability of an able and motivational teacher could end the students’ dependence on all other factors. It would take well-educated, caring and compassionate teachers-teachers trained in their subjects as per the needs of the students with respect to their gender, age, psyche and level of comprehension (Khalid &Khan 2006).

 Role of Teacher as Facilitator

The learners adopt a relativistic view in which one can see that knowledge is relative to the frame of reference that is applied to it by the learner, and that this needs to be taken into account when working with knowledge. Correspondingly now, the learner sees the role of a teacher as one of partner and facilitator in the development of knowledge. Knowledge is seen as certain or absolute and formal learning is a matter of absorption of the knowledge of the experts (e.g. teachers). It is described as ‘transitional knowledge’, a second stage in which learner begins to have doubts about the certainly of knowledge and gains a position where one acknowledges that there is both partial certainly and partial uncertainly. The third stage is ‘independent knowledge’ when learners recognize the uncertainly of the knowledge, and cope with this by taking the position that everyone has a right to her own opinion or beliefs. This seems to be the most sophisticated domain, that of ‘contextual knowledge’. In this knowledge is seen as constructed, and is understood in relation to effective deployment of evidence that best fits a given context. Teachers are, at this stage, seen as facilitators and partners in the process of the development of knowledge. The link between epistemological beliefs and learning is, of course, crucial (Moon, 2008).But with the passage of time and changes in ages also change the role and responsibility of a teacher.

Categories
Learning

The Microsoft 70-680 Certification Exam

The Microsoft 70-680 Certification Exam

Every one of the Microsoft certification exams offered is valuable in the job market, but the 70-680 exam is particularly valuable in the current employment arena as it covers the Windows 7 OS and the configuration methodologies employed by IT professionals in this widely utilized operating system.

 The 70-680 Microsoft certification exam is also applicable to a number of formal certifications, including the Enterprise Administrator, Enterprise Desktop Administrator 7, and the Enterprise Desktop Support Technician 7 credentials.

 Passing the 70-680 exam requires that you’re able to operate with the Microsoft Windows 7 OS in an enterprise environment. It’s recommended that you have a minimum of one year of hands-on experience in administering Windows client OS in an environment that is networked. You should also be capable of installing, deploying and upgrading a Windows OS to the Windows 7 version.

 Practicing your skills and knowledge before taking the 70-680 exam is crucial. Gain as much real-world experience with the OS as you can. Also spend some time taking practice exams from a good certification exam prep service in order to know what to expect from the exam questions on the 70-680 Microsoft certification exam.

 In addition to preparing yourself mentally for the exam, a good exam prep service will also offer tutorials and other helpful resources to assist you in learning the necessary materials for passing the 70-680 exam successfully.

Categories
Research

James Joyce and the Mythology of Modernism

What is Myth?

A conventional or Renowned tale, usually about some being or idol or even with or without a determinable foundation fact or a natural description, especially one that is worried with deities or demigods and describes some practice, ceremony or trend of characteristics.

The conventional meaning of belief from tradition research discovers best delineation in Bill Bascom’s article “The Types of Folklore: Writing Narratives” where misconceptions are described as stories considered as true, usually holy, set in a time long ago or other planets or parts of the world, and with extra-human, inhuman, or brave figures. Such misconceptions, often described as “cosmogonic,” or “origin” misconceptions, use to offer or cosmology, based on “cosmic” from the Ancient kosmos significance way. Cosmology’s issue with transaction of the galaxy discovers tale, representational concept in misconceptions, which thus often help find important principles or factors of a culture’s worldview. For many people, misconceptions stay value-laden discussion that describes much about personal instinct.

There are a variety of common conceptual frameworks engaged in descriptions of belief, such as these:

1. Myths are Cosmogonic Stories, linked with the Groundwork or Source of the Galaxy (and key people within that universe), though often particularly with regards to a particular lifestyle or area. Given the relationship to roots, the establishing is generally primordial (the starting of time) and figures are proto-human or deific. Misconceptions also often have cosmogonic overtones even when not completely cosmogonic, such as interacting with roots of essential components of the lifestyle (food, remedies, events, etc.).

2. Myths are Stories of a Holy Characteristics, often linked with some Practice. Misconceptions are often fundamental or key narratives associated with belief systems. These narratives are considered to be real from within the associated trust program (though sometimes that fact is recognized to be metaphoric rather than literal). Within any given lifestyle there may be sacred and luxurious myths coexisting.
3. Myths are Stories informative or Indicative of Public Purchase or Principles within a Culture (e.g. functionalism).

4. Myths are Stories Associate of a Particular Epistemology or Way of Knowing Characteristics and Planning Believed. For example, structuralism acknowledges joined many of opposites (or dualities — like mild and dark) as main to myths.

5. Mythic Stories often Include Brave Characters (possibly proto-humans, extremely people, or gods) who mediate natural, unpleasant duality, reunite us to our facts, or find the styles for lifestyle as we know it.
6. Myths are Stories that are “Counter-Factual in presenting stars and activities that confound the conferences of schedule experience”

Greek Mythology:

Historical greek belief is the body of misconceptions and tales from the standard Greeks, about their Gods and characters, the characteristics around the globe and the roots and importance of their own lifestyle and practice methods. They were an aspect of belief in ancient Portugal and are aspect of belief in contemporary Greece and all over the globe as Hellenism contemporary college students refer to, and study, the misconceptions in attempt to throw light on the spiritual and governmental organizations of ancient Portugal, its society and to gain understanding of the characteristics of belief making itself.

Greek belief is embodied, clearly, in a large collection of stories and unquestioningly in Historical greek representational artistry ,such as vase-paintings ,and votive gift .Greek belief efforts to explain the roots around the globe, and details the lives and journeys of a lot of gods , actresses , heroes, heroin and fictional animals . these records initially were published in an oral graceful custom, today the Historical greek misconceptions are known mainly from Historical greek literary performs.

The most ancient known Historical greek basically resources, Homer’s legendary poems Iliad and journey, focus on event surrounding the Computer virus War. two poems by homer near contemporary Hesiod ,the Theogony and the performs and days, contain records on the genesis of the word, the sequence of heavenly rules, the sequence of each age, the source if each problem , and the source of sacrificial methods . belief also are maintained in the Homeric hymns ,in fragment of legendary poetry of the legendary pattern, in lines poems ,in the performs of the tragedians of the fifth millennium B.C , in documents of college students and romantics of the Hellenistic age and in text from the time of roman kingdom by writers such as Plutarch and Pausanias .
Archaeological conclusions offer a principal resources of detail about Historical greek belief ,with gods and characters features plainly in the design of many relics. Geometrical design on poems of the eight millennium B.C represents seems from the Computer virus pattern as well as the adventured of Heracles . in the following ancient , traditional, and Hellenistic periods , Homeric and various other legendary seems appears, adding to and current basically evidence.

Greek belief has applied an comprehensive influence on the lifestyle, the artistry , and the literary performs of european society and stay s aspect of european history and language. Poet and artists from the past to the present have produced motivation from Historical greek belief and have discovered contemporary importance and importance in the legendary themes.

Daedalus Myth:

The belief of Daedalus and Icarus is one of the most known and fascinating Ancient Myth’s, as it contain both traditional and Fictional details. While in Ancient Daedalus designed the strategy for the Minoan building of Knossos one of the most essential traditional websites in The isle and Portugal these days. It was a spectacular structural style and developing of 1300 areas, designed with awesome frescoes and relics stored until these days.
King Minos and Daedalus had excellent knowing at first but there connection began difficult at some cause there are several changes describing this rapid change although the most typical one is that Daedalus was the one who advised queen Ariadne to offer Theseus the line that assisted in come out from the in popular Network after eliminating the Minotaur.
The Network was a labyrinth develop be Daedalus Master Minos desired a developing proper to imprison the Fictional creäture Minotor and according to the Myth he use to imprison his opponents in the Network creating sure that they would be murdered by the creäture. Minos was enraged when discovered out about the disloyalty and caught Daedalus and his son Icarus in the Network.
Icarus was a youthful son of Daedalus. Daedalus was way too sensible and creative, thus he began considering how he and Icarus would evade the Network knowing that his structural development was too complex, he realized out that they could not come out on base. He also realized that the shoreline of create were completely covered, thus, they would not be able to evade by sea either. The only way remaining was the air.
Daedalus handle to create Huge feathers, using offices of osier and linked there with spend. He trained Icarus how to fly, but informed him to keep away from the sun because the warm would create the wax liquefy, ruining the wings.
Daedalus and Icarus handled the evade the Network and went to the sky. The journey of Daedalus and Icarus was once that man handled to journey the Regulations of characteristics and defeat severity. Although Icarus was cautioned, he was too youthful and passionate about traveling. He got excited by the excitement of traveling and taken away by the awesome sensation of independence and began traveling excellent to praise the sun, snorkeling low to the sea and then up excellent again.
His dad Daedalus was trying in rainfall to create youthful Icarus to comprehend his actions was risky and Icarus soon saw his wings reducing.
Icarus sensed into the sea and perished. The Icarians Sea, where he dropped, was known as after him and there is also a close by little Island known as Icaria.

Implications Of Myths on Different Works:

It has been stated that the Historical greek Misconceptions are at the beginning of european society, that homer is the writer of the first work of Literary performs that european society may depend as its own, that huge areas of european lifestyle and art – songs, artwork and Literary performs – discovered their resource of motivation in the experiences of belief, and that the Historical greek Misconceptions are worried with essential and imperishable life problems i.e. Beowalf etc. With the rediscovery of traditional antiquity in rebirth ,the poems of Ovid became a significant impact on the creativity of romantics and performers and stayed an essential impact on the diffusion and knowing of greek belief through following hundreds of decades. From the beginning decades of rebirth, performers represented topics from greek belief together with more traditional Religious styles.among the best known topics of German performers are ,the brings of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Through the method of latina and the performs of Ovid, greek belief affected ancient and rebirth romantics such as Petrarch, Boccaccio and Dante in Tuscany.
In north European countries, greek belief never took the same keep of the visible artistry ,but its impact was very plain on literature. Both Latin and greek traditional text messages were converted, so that experiences of belief became available . in The united kingdom, Chaucer, the Elizabethans and Bob Milton were among those affected by greek myths ;nearly all the significant British romantics from Shakespeare to Bob Links converted for motivation to greek belief. Jean Racine in Portugal and Goethe in Malaysia improved Historical greek dilemma. Racine modified the standard myths such as those of Phaedra, Andromache, Oedipus and Iphigenia to new goal.
The 1700s saw the philosophical trend of the Enlightenment spread throughout European countries and associated with certain response against Historical greek belief ; there was a propensity to need on the medical and philosophical success of Portugal and The capital. The myths ,however, ongoing to offer an essential resource of raw content for dramatists, such as those who had written the libretti for Handel’s operas Admeto and Semele and Mozart’s Idomeneo. By the end of the millennium, romanticism started an increase of passion for all things Historical greek , such as greek belief. In England, it was an excellent interval for new translations of Historical greek disasters and Homer, and these in convert motivated modern romantics, such as Keats , Byron and Shelley. The Hellenism of queen’s Victoria poet laureate, Alfred master Tennyson, was such that even his images of the quintessentially British judge of master writer are suffused with addresses of the Homeric epics. The visible artistry kept speed, triggered by the by of the Parthenon glass beads in 1816;; many of the “Greek” performs of art of master Leighton and Lawrence Alma-Tadema were seriously approved as aspect of the indication of the indication of the Hellenic perfect.
American writers of the 1800s , such as Johnson Bulfinch and Nathaniel Hawthorne, considered that belief should offer satisfaction , and organised that the research of the traditional myths was essential to the knowing of British and United states literature. In more the past few decades, traditional styles have been reinterpreted by such significant dramatists as gene Anouilh, Jean Cocteau and Jean Giraudoux in France, Eugene O’Neil in The united states and T.S.Eliot in The united kingdom and by excellent writers such as the Irish James Joyce.

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Articles

The Truth Of Dreams

The Truth Of Dreams:

Hold fast to dreams,for if dreams die

Life is a broken-winged bird,that can not fly.”

                                                                                                              (Langstone Hughes)

Dreams are the most crucial part of life. Everybody has dreams without knowing the reason behind their occurrence. This is an involuntary phenomenon. Usually, we have dreams when we get sleep, but sometimes we have dreams with our widely opened eyes.
Dreams can be freaky, prophetic, adventurous,sensational and nightmares. Some dreams provide relief and solution to our problems; on the other hand,some dreams can be extremely tormented. Tormented dreams aggravate tension and cause insomnia. What we suppress during the day becomes our dream. Dreams are, in fact, the language of our suppressed aspirations and fears. Dreams reflect our ambitions and make us more determined and contemplated. Dreaming is totally a mental process and is proved to be a true interpreter of ourselves. Great dreams bring great achievements and remarkable success in our lives and make us exemplary and everlasting. These help us in achieving out of reach things. Orison Swett Marden has said:

“All men who have achieved great things,have been great dreamers”

Dreams Increase Wisdom:

Dreams increase wisdom and arise curiosity. Man is normally in the habit of committing mistakes and this all is quite natural. But when we do something wrong the voice of our conscience turned into our dreams, which does not let us to sleep. In this way,we look back and analyze our mistakes or deeds and then our curiousity leads us towards something new and constructive. We become the wisest people, when we are having great dreams and are adamant to meet them. Dreams infuse unique thinkings in us. We have to confront a lot of problems and dreams provide us sensible solution to these problems. Eleanor Roosevelt has rightly said:

                     “The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams”

Dreams enhance our reasoning level because while dreaming our mind is constantly working. In this process,we are seeing those things that we want to do or to get and in dreams we try to seek  those methodologies and techniques by which we can acquire them. This mental working increase our wisdom and make us more genius.

Dreams Are An Escape from Reality:

Reality is always bitter and painful and this is human nature to shun reality or to avoid it at all costs. In this case our dreams work as defense mechanism, they allow the mind to go to anywhere it desires. In dreams we see whatever we want to see. Dreaming is always a pleasant sensation, but it can also be rough in some cases. Dreams are not physical and exist only in our minds and these are a good source to shun reality in order to live happily. Things become as we think about them, this all depends upon our observation and perception. According to L.M Montgomery:

                                               “You may tire of reality but you never tire of dreams”

Death is a great reality of life and we all feel frightened when we think about it. We see death with great terror and it affects us badly. Therefore, we often see in dreams earthquakes, famine diseases, lightening or thundering and enormous storms that have engulfed countless lives. Our financial and social issues also haunt us in our dreams. But sometimes dreams embellish our life with great beauty and satisfaction. We feel ourselves in a fairy land and, we see beautiful lakes, oceans, waterfalls and greenery. We see that we are living in a castle and are having many slaves. Sometimes even we become king and get remarkable happiness. We forget all sorrows and cares of our real life and our imaginary world seem to us our most beautiful possession. In this imaginary world we get rid prison of this cruel world for a while and become rulers of our own realm. In sensational dreams everything looks rather different and more appealing. We feel ourselves flying in the air and doing outstanding things.

In dreams we can say each and everything that in real life we can never say. Dreams are actually the expression of our thoughts and feelings. Sometimes we love a person fiercely and we can never express it, but this expression of love is quite easy in dreams. In dreamy world we tell our dear ones that how much we love them and what we think about them. It has widely been observed that this expression of love is pretty difficult in real life. Therefore,it will not be wrong to say that dreams reduce the torture of reality and bring happiness to us.

              “Dreams are illustrations….from the book,your soul is writing about you”

Dreams Provide Relief To Stress:

Life is full of hustle and bustle, furry and demands. External circumstances cause stress and this stress is usually known an overwhelming response to events and happenings. It upsets the balance of a person and makes life chaotic. Today we have to do many activities at the same time. We have to think about our financial problems,we get worried about our next promotion. We have to bear the brunt of our boss. Sometimes we can not achieve our well-deserved career goals. Dreams are the best substitute of this stress. Dreams decrease the pain of our expectations and thinkings or build positivity in us. Diseases afflict many people and become a major cause of life stress for them. Family disputes, attitudes of relatives, studies and poor health conditions are also irritative. We get tensed and depressed, this depression ultimately turned into dream. We suppose many beautiful things by ourselves. Dreams are actually a fight between our conscious and subconscious. They increase our self-knowledge and provide us information or insight.

All our worries fade away in our dreamy world. In this world we can shed tears without any fear, we can smile or express ourselves freely and we can get whatever we want. In fact, in dreams we have everything of our choice around us, and we mostly feel ourselves very satisfied and happy. Dreams do not let stress to get on our nerves or get us down. High and positive dreams can be the best solution of releasing tension.

To sum up the whole discussion, I would like to say that we all our slaves of our dreams because these are the true portrayal of our thinking and wishes. These become the voice of our suppressed desires and compelled us to go head. Dreams bind the whole humanity together, because everyone has dreams without any distinction. We do not have any control over this phenomenon. Our dreams are our driving force that pushes us to express ourselves. I have a firm belief that in this cruel world dreams provide a great soothing relief and urge a man to think about bright future. Nightmares are also proved constructive because they increase our curiousity and give us a remarkable courage for exploring and investigating the truths of life. And they provide knowledge about an invisible world and make it visible beautifully to us. Prophetic dreams deal with spiritual sphere of our life and enhance it incredibly. Adventurous dreams bring calm and excitement in our life. On the whole we can say that dreams are our best friends because they deal with each and every secret of our life

                                         “Dreams are like stars…..you may never touch them

                                         But if you follow them they will lead you to your destiny”

Categories
Articles

A Man Can Avert His Own Destiny

A Man Can Avert His Own Destiny:

“Each man is the smith of his own fortune” (Appius Claudius)

This is a well-known saying of Roman Philosopher that shows that man is an architect of his own destination.Destiny is a quite colloquial term to all of us, that is usually defined as predetermined fate or an invincible necessity.It is true that the concept of predestination is right,but having blind belief in predetermination of things is futile and obnoxious. And this belief often causes the destruction of a man. This predestination of things is actually a test of man’s capabilities set by the Divine Power because he has granted this creature of universe with outstanding qualities. He has the stamina to face and avert every calamity. This is the beauty of destination that a man has to prove himself for its achievement. Those who have the fear of losing,do lose.Fortune is nothing in itself, this is only what a man does. A man can definitely avert his destiny, if he has an iron will; because his adamant determination can make his fortune bright. Destiny always bows itself before strong and brave people. Strength is not measured by physique, but by personal ethics and honesty, therefore, it is better to endure than to give up. Henry Miller has rightly said:

“We create our fate everyday we live”

There are certain factors that can help a person in averting his destination. These are as follows;

Firm Resolution Of A Person:

Firm resolution is considered a magical key in diverting the destiny of a man. The wavering condition of man and getting puzzled while taking decisions brings destruction of a person. The need is that he should set goals for himself and then stick to them. When he is having strong belief,nothing will hinder his success. Helen Keller has said:

   “Keep your face to the sunshine

                                                         And you can not see a shadow”

One must be optimistic. If failure comes,instead of losing heart he should go ahead;he should go ahead. Failure is like a ladder for going to height. One has to slip many times before reaching to destination. Sometimes a stage come when a person just want to give up the task, but it is his firm resolution that keeps him going. It makes him relentless urges him for doing work over day and night. There is a beautiful quote by Oprah Winfrey in this regard

“So go ahead

                Fall down.

                               The world looks different from the ground”

Hard Work:

It is said that “hard work is a key to success”. It plays a vital role in shaping the destination of a man. Those who sit idle and wait for happening of some miracle, always destroyed. Man is prone to make mistakes, he does wrong and blames his fortune. And these mistakes spoils his destiny in his later life. No one can undermine the role of hard work in shaping one’s bright destiny. Some people belong to ordinary families, they are not born with a golden spoon in their mouth. But a day comes, when they shine like bright stars because they make sensible use of their physical and mental capabilities. They do not get bother about their family background, their passion becomes their destination. We have many examples of such great people in history as well as in present age. These people worked over day and night and got an everlasting merit. For instance, Napoleon was an ordinary general but he built up an ideal empire in his life because he was a man of great vision and an ambitious person. Dr. Johnson became the greatest intellectual of his day through hard work. Similarly Newton used to forget even his meal, when he was working on a problem. His devotion and hard work made him the great mathematician of the world. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a lawyer by profession, but he proved himself as an exemplary leader.

Today Steve Jobs and Bill Gates are the greatest examples of successful persons, who have shaped their destiny according to their own will. Ralph Waldo Emerson has said;

“They   can conquer who believe they can”

Therefore, a man who does work hard finds the solution of all difficulties. He never feels downcast in failure rather his failures make him more strong, devoted and persistent. Consequently, he achieved his desired success because he always labours hard with consistency. He never looks at the close doors. According to Alexander Graham Bell;

When one door closes another door opens;

                  But we so often look so long and regretfully

upon the closed-door,

                                                        That we do not see the  ones which are open for us”

And our this type of attitude really spoils destination.One can avert his destiny when he struggles hard and tries to find new ways and sources for solving problems.

Proper Division Of Time:

Proper division of time is very essential for shaping a successful destination. This is law of Nature that sun rises and sets everyday, this is up to man how he makes use of this day and night time. If a man is sensible enough and recognizes his duties, he will surely improve and prosper in life. But if he does otherwise he has to repent. Life is nothing but it is a total sum of time. When we sow a seed at proper time, we will harvest an ideal crop. That is why , it is always said that it is a man himself who can either make or mar his destiny.

To put in nut shell, I would like to say that a man can avert his destiny, if he has a strategical mind and has belief in practicalism rather in fatalism. We can say man is a ruler of his realm who can exploit every source for shaping his bright destiny. And it is a false notion that fate creates everything. Here, I am not refusing the role plays by God, because God always puts one into a trial for polishing one’s potentials.  It is said;

“Heaven ne’er helps the man

                                                                     Who will not help himself”

Thus when a man works with strong resolution and an unshaken will, he can mould his destiny according to his own choice. Problems and difficulties are momentary, and therefore,a person must be devoted and enthusiastic, if he wants to shape out his destiny. Edward Gibbon is very right in saying that;

“The winds and waves are always on the side

                      of the ablest navigators”

 

Categories
History of English Literature

Literature in 19th Century (James Joyce)

Literature in 19th Century

Nineteenth century Millennium Literary works was very popular in its days. It was absolutely liked and became very essential during the Victorian Era. Many types and designs of composing prospered among the writers of this interval. Many different form of composing had interested the Victorians. Their was poems, Books, Enchanting Literary works, Sci-fi, Historical and Naturalism. An example of but a few. All of there have a much variations from each other.

With the rediscovery of traditional antiquity in rebirth ,the poems of Ovid became a much impact on the creativity of romantics and performers and stayed an essential impact on the diffusion and knowing of Historical greek belief through following hundreds of years. From the early years of rebirth, performers represented topics from Historical greek belief together with more traditional Religious designs among the best known topics of German performers are ,the brings of Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Through the method of Latina and the works of Ovid, Historical greek belief affected medieval and rebirth romantics such as Petrarch, Boccaccio and Dante in Tuscany.

In north European countries, Historical greek belief never took the same hold of the visible artistry ,but its impact was very clear on literature. Both Latina and Historical greek traditional text messages were converted, so that experiences of belief became available. in The united kingdom, Chaucer, the Elizabethans and Bob Milton were among those affected by Historical greek misconceptions ;nearly all the much British romantics from Shakespeare to Bob Links converted for motivation to Historical Greek belief. Jean Racine in Portugal and Goethe in Malaysia improved Historical greek dilemma. Racine modified the standard misconceptions such as those of Phaidra,Andromache, Oedipus and Iphigenia to new goal.

The 1700s saw the philosophical trend of the Enlightenment propagate throughout European countries and associated with certain response against Historical greek belief ; there was a propensity to need on the medical and philosophical success of Portugal and The capital. The misconceptions, however, ongoing to offer an essential source of raw content for dramatists, such as those who had written the libretti for Handel’s operas Admeto and Semele and Mozart’s Idomeneo. By the end of a lifetime, romanticism started an increase of passion for all things Historical greek , such as Historical greek belief. In England, it was an excellent interval for new translations of Historical greek disasters and Homer, and these in turn motivated modern romantics, such as Keats ,Byron and Shelley. The Hellenism of queen’s Victoria poet laureate, Alfred master Tennyson, was such that even his images of the quintessentially British court of master Arthur are suffused with addresses of the Homeric epics. The visible artistry kept speed, triggered by the purchase of the Parthenon glass beads in 1816;; many of the “Greek” works of art of master Leighton and Lawrence Alma-Tadema were seriously approved as part of the indication of the indication of the Hellenic perfect.

American writers of the 1800s , such as Johnson Bulfinch and Nathaniel Hawthorne, considered that belief should offer satisfaction , and organised that the research of the traditional misconceptions was essential to the knowing of British and United states literature. In more the past few years , traditional designs have been reinterpreted by such considerable dramatists as gene Anouilh , Jean Cocteau and Jean Giraudoux in Portugal , Eugene O’Neil in The United States and T.S.Eliot in The united kingdom and by excellent writers such as the Irish James Joyce.

Categories
Articles

Young Habits Die Hard

Young Habits Die Hard:

“We become what we do repeatedly” (Sean Covey)

It has rightly been said,because when we do something frequently it becomes our habit.This constantly performed action engraved in personality and becomes difficult to withdraw. Young age is a period,when various habits are growing up in a child and habits formed in early age are hard to quit.Practicing good things make our life happy.We become role models when we indulge ourselves in good habits.Habitual action is a mechanical  process and usually instilled in us involuntarily.Young age is very sensitive period because at that time children are unaware about the outcomes of habits.They do things for fun.Later on,these habits become part of their life and are difficult to correct. Mark Twain states:

                                                “Everyone is a moon and has a dark side

                                                     which he never shows to anybody”

Habit is something like a nature and once a habit is formed we are completely at its mercy.We want to abandon bad habits but we can not because we have become the slaves of our wishes.A bad habit causes loss to oneself and disgusts others.Habit is like a seed.If we sow good seeds,we will reap the best crops.Otherwise the result will be vice versa.

Good Habits:

Good habits are inevitable for leading harmonious and successful life.Our good deeds make our surroundings pleasant and worth living.History is witness that all great people were having healthy habits. They were devoted,determined and passionate people.They did things with craze and used to spend their time in doing constructive things.Reading books is a very useful habit and one must cultivate it because it enhances our exposure towards the outer world.

And playing group sports is considered an ideal habit.This habit brings harmony and integrity in our social life.If the children had played together,the sense of co-operation would have been developed in them.Many other good habits also brought up in them like passion of sacrifice for each other,honesty,commitment and the courage to face difficult circumstances boldly etc.This will largely be helpful in the positive construction of personality.Good habits are like blooming flower.If we do not make practice of them,they will die.Habits are a recognition of a person,we are known in society with the reference of

what we do and think. John Ruskin has rightly said:

                                           “Tell me what you like and I will tell you what you are”

Development Of Good Habits:

Developing good habits is pretty difficult in the beginning.But with the passage of time,the work which seems to us difficult,becomes easy and we perform it with perfect ease.For instance,when a child is sent to school;he weeps and cries.But when he daily goes to school it becomes his routine work and he gets accustomed to it.And one day he achieves great success when his studies are accomplished.This habit helps him in becoming an ardent citizen of country as well.

Similarly,a lecturer is also gets confused on his very first day in class.He can not deliver his lecture properly and even he finds himself at a pinch while speaking.His voice shivers badly.But he grows bold when he performs this job daily.He becomes assertive,confident and achieves the facility of speech.It is habit which makes things easy and the pain of work vanishes away with it.These examples reveal that when we practice things with full devotion and good intentions,these are perfectly injected into our personality.These gradually developed habits make us the most prestigious and noble figure of society.

Bad Habits:

Bad habits have its own charm but these are always destructive and ruin the personality of a person.These habits kill the innovative aspect of one’s personality.These are those habits which are usually performed consciously.Mostly people indulge in bad habits at young age.They take the habits of drinking and smoking from their peer groups. They drink and smoke to show people their maturity and strength and they forget the fact that these habits are destroying their health badly.This impertinent activity results in severe health conditions in later life.These people have to suffer lung cancer and other lung related complications.

And drinkers become a burden on society.The habit of drinking paralyze them.Even they loss the sense of right and wrong.Their purpose of life dies and they spend their whole life in an everlasting lurch.They suffer from different diseases.This habit which they adopt in their childhood for making fun become a curse for their whole life.Nobody like to have relations with such people and even their own flesh and blood leave them alone.This loneliness and pain become their punishment.The anti social activities of childhood are often seem difficult to wipe out.A child learns the habits of lying,stealing,misbehaving with elders  and being stubborn at very early age.Resultantly he becomes a dangerous thief,a liar,immoral and known as a totally ignorant  person.He has to get embarrassed every where.Nobody gives him respect and he loses his prestige and becomes a notorious person.His heinous crimes bring disastrous  in society and he disturbs the peaceful life of people.

 

Habits Constitute The Character Of A Person:

The character of a person is essentially the product of his habits.Character is not formed by abrupt actions but it is rather a system of repeated actions.Therefore, it is emphasized that good habits be taught in early life. Samuel Smiles has said:

                                                             “Sow a thought,and you reap an act;

                                                               Sow an act,and you reap a habit;

                                                                Sow a habit,and you reap a character;

                                                                Sow a character ,and you reap a destiny.”

He means to say that our habits are our character and our character leads us towards destination.The desirable habits can build the character of a man in the best way.When we do things in compulsion,it is always harmful.Therefore,we should perform good habits for the building of an exemplary character.

Influential Elements In The Formation Of Habits:

There are many elements that play a vital role in forming good habits like family,environment,education and companions etc.Initially a child imitates its elders.As he grows up he moves in society and gets influenced from his companions.That is why it is said,man is largely a product of his surroundings and whatever happens around him has a great influence on him. Education is a crucial element as well in the formation of ideal habits.It helps ion moral purification of a child.Therefore,it is necessary to put a child in good environment.In this way he sees good things,he will try to follow and copy them.Educational capabilities help him in developing good habits to large extent.It will not be wrong to say that a child is what,its family and society make it.

To epitomize the whole discussion we can say that habits which are instilled in young age have long term effects,whether these are good or bad.There is no doubt that young habits die hard but a person, is known as the best creature of this world, can modify it.Because he has been endowed a strong will that can overcome any bad habit at any stage of his life.Therefore,it is said,we should make every effort to give up bad habits and every opportunity must be utilized to form better ones.I would like to sum up my above mentioned discussion by a quote of Samuel Johnson:

                                                                “The chains of habits are too weak to be felt

                                                                  until they are too strong to be broken”

Categories
Articles

Caged in the Percolate

Caged in the Percolate

Really lastly I got it where I am caged in, caged in a percolate, a percolate may pinned by conditions when, a while and every periods but what merely happens is the caged percolate continues to be the same. Bubble and pockets create their difference what they bring, what they are ballooning upon. What they are created up of and how far they exchange the community.
Seeing everything as either excellent or terrible reduces a lot out of the image. Most of lifestyle drops somewhere between. In the same way as caged in a percolate is between where the lifestyle and breathing could cause up to, now the difference between lifestyle and breathing could be quickly categorized out once the breathing could be organised and lifestyle could be grabbed and once breathing could be launched the lifestyle would be at convenience. Caging yourself in something that thoughts primary the element of considering but being caged by time’s belief or fate’ will is the what eliminating sometimes when mind’s organizations source and are entitled to the information of knowing all about but even than in challenging periods it is better to at arms of your energy and energy and be in will of destiny because in tests they could take or launch even better than individual own option.

Breathing in Percolate

Bubble! How last a percolate could? Really for very brief shape so does. The breathing does and the lifestyle use, by getting this breathing does. And when it comes to such knowing that breathing always caged in percolate though that trip be starts from the uterus where a individual determine relax in tennis ball of uterus same as percolate and obviously in external globe though the percolate may not be seen but each personality caged in certain percolate of breathing that be developed for the particular for the particular own.
Bubble! How last a percolate could? Really for very brief shape so does the breathing reasonably, as it confirmed one breathing comes and later passes away. The later passes away and the official life, the former passes away and the later life.
So a person’s loss of life is entrance to someone else’s lifestyle and a person’s lifestyle is entrance way to someone else’s loss of life, same as one breathing eliminates the next and next arriving breathing eliminates the first breathing that been taken.
Imagery be the bubble! Bubble though has very slim movie but it’s been maintain so far it could be…Life in such crate, that continues the same length as the percolate life and passes away, percolate be in air and moved the floor or even vanish before in contact with the top area of the floor.

Purpose in Percolate

I am caged in my certain percolate and you are in yours certain, out of certainties or concerns. Everybody caged in certain percolate, purposefully or unintentionally what last is breathing in the percolate unless it moved the top area to destroy the percolate Aura of area. Bubble may or may not be in source by overall look, or by everyday living but what it is just for the lack of brief period in such a simple improbable truth that can’t be catch so quickly. Caged in percolate is though obviously never been noticed but it does if strength could increase up to, Kennel is the crate and pitfall is the trap…..Cage is just like pitfall and pitfall so far to crate. Both Range…Both Catch…Both Range Up! Both are far from the feeling and ability of independence and independence ……
Cage is a crate though it is created up of various pockets or just one increase percolate, though it golf paint balls around but the personality maintained in continues to be in the orbit cannot untouched the unlined area. Kennel is though a crate …. Though it is of percolate.
Caged in a percolate is the knowing of the concentration of the expecting believed that could breathing for just one second and passes away in arriving next one. Kennel is a crate though it is of Bubble…Finally I got it where I am caged in, caged in a percolate, a percolate may pinned by conditions when, a while and every periods but what merely happens is the caged percolate continues to be the same.

Categories
Poetry

A True Love

A True Love

Producing smile is the job of man;

My every smile contains Thy name,

Everything that I have is Thy blessing;

And Thou always saved me from blazing.

Thou heal my wounds and take away all my pain,

I never felt me alone due to Thy coalescing;

When I weep and get oppresses,

Thou come like a light and console me as a god friend,

I always feel Thy Hand in my hand;

Thou can never see me stressed,

And always stay me blessed.

Thou never blamed me when I do wrong,

Thou just came and lead me towards the right plan.

Thy love is like an ever burning flame,

That has no ending and is always caressing;

Thou give me name and fame.

Today I am confessing I feel shame,

When I look at thy grants and observe my sinful deeds;

Thou art an absolute Omnipotent Power,

And I am just a seed,

Who beg nothing,just the true flame of Thy Love;

That is beyond everything and is always true.